13A10.10 - Perpetual Motion Machines

Code Number:
Demo Title:
Perpetual Motion Machines
Area of Study:
Perpetual Motion

Video Credit: Jonathan M. Sullivan-Wood.


  • K. P. Trout and Charles A. Gaston, "An Unexpected Heat Engine", TPT, Vol. 50, #1, Jan. 2012, p. 32.
  • Paul Chagnon, "Animated Displays V: Relaxation Oscillators", TPT, Vol. 32, # 7, p. 432- 436, Oct. 1994.
  • H. Richard Crane, "Three Intuition Teasers", TPT, Vol. 29, #3, Mar. 1991, p. 593. 
  • Donna A. Berry, "A 'Perpetual Motion' Toy?", TPT, Vol. 20, #5, May 1982, p. 319, also A Potpourri of Physics Teaching Ideas - Toys, p. 267.
  • Maurice Bruce Stewart, "The Marquess of Worcester's Perpetual Motion Machine", TPT, Vol. 19, #1, Jan. 1981, p. 37.
  • Albert A. Bartlett and Joseph Dreitlein, "A Possible Solution to the Energy Crisis - Part I - The Archimedes Wheel", TPT, Vol. 13, #2, Feb. 1975, p. 108.
  • Albert A. Bartlett, Joseph Dreitlein, "A Possible Solution to the Energy Crisis - Part II - The Capillary Pump", TPT, Vol. 13, #3, Mar. 1975, p. 175.
  • Problems, "A Perpetual Motion Device - A Solution", TPT, Vol. 5, #2, Feb. 1967, p. 88.
  • Herbert H. Gottlieb, Little Stinkers, "A Perpetual Motion Device",  TPT, Vol. 4, #1, Jan. 1966, p. 46.
  • Little Stinkers, "Perpetual Motion Machine", TPT, Vol. 3, #5, May 1965, p. 233.
  • Little Stinkers, "Another Perpetual Motion Device", TPT, Vol. 3, #4, Apr. 1965, p. 186.
  • Little Stinkers, "Perpetual Motion Machines", TPT, Vol. 3, #3, Mar. 1965, p. 138.
  • Little Stinkers, "Violation of the First Law of Thermodynamics", TPT, Vol. 2, #8, Nov. 1964, p. 383.
  • George H. Brigman, "The Martini Perpetual Motion Machine: A Semiprogrammed Problem", AJP, Vol. 40, #7, July 1972, p. 1001.
  • Lindsey Kratochwill, "The Greatest Cover Ever Made... Again", Popular Science, May 2014, p. 94.
  • James M. Robitaille, "Quantum Energy Generator", March 2014, (Not possible under current physics conditions).
  • Vicki Cobb and Kathy Darling, "Burning a Candle at Both Ends", Bet You Can!, p. 92.
  • Martin Gardner, "Perpetual Motion", Smart Science Tricks, p. 74.
  • Martin Gardner, "Gravity Machine", Entertaining Science Experiments With Everyday Objects, p. 82.
  • Martin Gardner, "Candle Seesaw", Science Tricks, p. 23.
  • Robert Ehrlich, "8.18 - Burning the Candle at Both Ends", Why Toast Lands Jelly-Side Down, p. 142.
  • Tik L. Liem, "The Burning Candle Seesaw", Invitations to Science Inquiry - Supplement to 1st and 2nd Ed. p. 98.
  • Simon Quellen Field, "A Bimetal Strip Heat Engine", Gonzo Gizmos, p. 156.

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