1J30.20 - Tension in a String
Lift one mass with the spring scale and show the reading. Stretch the spring scale between two pulleys and add two masses and show the same reading as before.
Another alternative is to use three masses and two strings stretched over pulleys. One mass is in the middle of both strings, the strings are stretched over the pulleys, and the spring scales and masses added to each end of the strings. Observe the readings. Then take the mass off one of the spring scales and attach that scale to a rod or the wall. Transfer that mass to the other spring scale and again observe the readings.
A spring scale hangs between two strings which go over pulleys. Attach a 1 kg mass to each string and observe the scale reading. Then take the mass off of one string and fix the spring scale to a rod or a wall. Transfer and add the mass to the other string. This arrangement should show twice the string tension even though you are using the same components.
A smaller version of a string stretched between two scales with a mass hanging on the string is available using the tension protractors. Note however that each scale only goes to 10 Newtons.
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- Ml-1: "Tension in a String", Freier and Anderson, A Demonstration Handbook for Physics.
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