1R50.20 - Crystal Models and Lattices

Code Number:
1R50.20
Demo Title:
Crystal Models and Lattices
Condition:
Excellent
Principle:
Crystal Formation and Structures
Area of Study:
Mechanics
Equipment:
Crystal Models.
Procedure:

The crystal models may be used to show different crystal structures and the structure of crystal compounds.

The crystal models may also be built from scratch with the model kits.

References:
  • J. Amezcua‐López and A. E. Cordero‐Borboa, "A Mechanical Lattice Aid for Crystallography Teaching", TPT, Vol. 26, #6, Sept. 1988, p. 384.
  • Leonid V. Azaroff, "No! To a Fifteenth Bravais Lattice", AJP, Vol. 70, #2, Feb. 2002, p. 187.
  • Jon Eggert, "Inexpensive Wooden-Ball Models for Close-Packed Crystal Structures", AJP, Vol. 68, #11, Nov. 2000, p. 1061.
  • Allen Nussbaum, "The Mystery of the Fifteenth Bravais Lattice", AJP, Vol. 68, #10, Oct. 2000, p. 950.
  • John C. Lewis and Peter P. Gillis, "Packing Factors in Diatomic Crystals", AJP, Vol. 61, #5, May 1993, p. 434.
  • C. Jin, K. H. Van Bladel, C. M. Edwards, J. R. Brookeman, and N. S. Sullivan, "Analog Simulation of Interacting Diatomic Molecules on Two-Dimensional Lattices", AJP, Vol. 55, #6, June 1987, p. 565.
  • R. O. Pohl, "Lattice Vibration of Solids", AJP, Vol. 55, #3, Mar. 1987, p. 240.
  • Guenter Schwarz and John J. Connelly Jr., "Miller Indices Demonstration Model", AJP, Vol 37, #3, Mar. 1969, p. 333.
  • J. A. McMillan, "Stereographic Projections of the Colored Crystallographic Point Groups", AJP, Vol. 35, #11, Nov. 1967, p. 1049.
  • Masao Atoji, "Graphical Representations of Magnetic Space Groups", AJP, Vol. 33, #3, Mar. 1965, p. 212.
  • "Diamonds From the Deep", Physics Today, Vol. 70, #2, Feb. 2017, p. 80.
  • Charles Day, "Predicting Pentagonal Graphene", Physics Today, Vol. 68, #4, Apr. 2015, p. 17.
  • Tyler P. Troy and Musahid Ahmed, "Rings of Fire: Carbon Combustion From Soot to Stars", Physics Today, Vol. 68, #3, Mar. 2015, p. 62.
  • Jeremy O. Richardson, Cristóbal Pérez, Simon Lobsiger, Adam A. Reid, Berhane Temelso, George C. Shields, Zbigniew Kisiel, David J. Wales, Brooks H. Pate, and Stuart C. Althorpe, "Concerted Hydrogen-Bond Breaking by Quantum Tunneling in the Water Hexamer Prism", Science, Vol. 351, #6279, Mar. 2016, p. 1310.
  • David C. Clary, "Quantum Dynamics in the Smallest Water Droplet", Science, Vol. 351, #6279, Mar. 2016, p. 1267.
  • Weiwei Zhang, Artem R. Oganov, Alexander F. Goncharov, Qiang Zhu, Salah Eddine Boulfelfel, Andriy O. Lyakhov, Elissaios Stavrou, Maddury Somayazulu, Vitali B. Prakapenka, and Zuzana Konôpková, "Unexpected Stable Stoichiometries of Sodium Chlorides", Science, Vol. 342, #6165, Dec. 2013, p. 1502.
  • Jordi Ibáñez Insa, "Reformulating Table Salt Under Pressure", Science, Vol. 342, #6165, Dec. 2013, p. 1459.
  • G. D. Freier and F. J. Anderson, "Om-3", A Demonstration Handbook for Physics.
  • G. D. Freier and F. J. Anderson, "Ma-5", A Demonstration Handbook for Physics.
  • G. D. Freier and F. J. Anderson, "Ma-4", A Demonstration Handbook for Physics.
  • G. D. Freier and F. J. Anderson, "Ma-3", A Demonstration Handbook for Physics.
  • G. D. Freier and F. J. Anderson, "Ma-2", A Demonstration Handbook for Physics.
  • G. D. Freier and F. J. Anderson, "Ma-1", A Demonstration Handbook for Physics.
  • Wallace A. Hilton, "A-1d. Crystal Lattice Models", Physics Demonstration Experiments, p. 105.
  • Alan Holden and Phylis Morrison, "The Table of Crystal Classes", Crystals and Crystal Growing, p. 285 - 288.
  • Alan Holden and Phylis Morrison, "The Arrangements of Atoms in Crystals", Crystals and Crystal Growing, p. 182 - 199.
  • Alan Holden and Phylis Morrison, "Plate 28", Crystals and Crystal Growing.
  • Janice VanCleave, "Super Chains", Guide to More of the Best Science Fair Projects, p. 116.
  • Arthur B. Ellis, Margret J. Geselbracht, Brian J. Johnson, George C. Lisensky, William R. Robinson, "Stoichiometry",  Teaching General Chemistry - A Materials Science Companion, p. 49.
  • Carl Ahlers, "4. Dihydrogen Monoxide", Expose Excite Ignite An Essential To Whizz-Bang Chemistry, p. 49 - 55.

Disclaimer: These demonstrations are provided only for illustrative use by persons affiliated with The University of Iowa and only under the direction of a trained instructor or physicist.  The University of Iowa is not responsible for demonstrations performed by those using their own equipment or who choose to use this reference material for their own purpose.  The demonstrations included here are within the public domain and can be found in materials contained in libraries, bookstores, and through electronic sources.  Performing all or any portion of any of these demonstrations, with or without revisions not depicted here entails inherent risks.  These risks include, without limitation, bodily injury (and possibly death), including risks to health that may be temporary or permanent and that may exacerbate a pre-existing medical condition; and property loss or damage.  Anyone performing any part of these demonstrations, even with revisions, knowingly and voluntarily assumes all risks associated with them.