3C55.51 - Musical Scales

Each set of bars spans two octaves.  One set is a "Just" scale, the other set is a "Tempered" scale.
Two sets of tuning forks are available.  One is a "Scientific Pitch Notation" scale.  The other is a "Concert Pitch" scale.
Code Number:
Demo Title:
Musical Scales
Musical Scales
Area of Study:
JustTemp set & mallet, tuning fork scale sets.

Each set of bars spans two octaves.  One set is a "Just" scale, the other set is a "Tempered" scale. 

Two sets of tuning forks are available.  One is a "Scientific Pitch Notation" scale.  The other is a "Concert Pitch" scale. 

  • Michael J. Ruiz, "Lissajous Figures, Musical Intervals, and the Just Diatonic Scale", TPT, Vol. 56, #7, Nov. 2018, p. 424.
  • Michael C. LoPresto, "Measuring Musical Consonance and Dissonance", TPT, Vol. 53, # 4, April 2015, p. 225. 
  • Stephen Luzader, "PC and PVC Acoustic Demonstrations", TPT, Vol. 28, #7, Oct. 1990, p. 459.
  • Donald E. Hall, "Acoustical Numerology and Lucky Equal Temperaments", AJP, Vol. 56, # 4, April 1988, p. 329.
  • George C. Hartmann, "A Numerical Exercise in Musical Scales", AJP, Vol. 55, #3, March 1987, p. 223.
  • L. Resnick, "Psychophysical Basis for Consonant Musical Intervals", AJP, Vol. 49, #6, June 1981, p. 579.
  • Donald E. Hall, "Quantitative Evaluation of Musical Scale Tunings", AJP, Vol. 42, #7, July 1974, p. 543.
  • Eli Metzger, "Musical Scales and Algebraic Groups", AJP, Vol. 35, #5, May 1967, p. 441.
  • Robert P. Crease, "Politics of Precision in Ancient China", Physics Today, Vol. 64, #3, Mar. 2011, p. 49.
  • Daniel Martin, "Musical Scales Since Pythagoras", Musical Acoustics, p. 22.
  • Pat Murphy, Ellen Macaulay, and the staff of the Exploratorium, "Bottle Band", Exploratopia, p. 217.
  • Christopher P. Jargodzki and Franklin Potter, "170, A Well-Tuned Piano", Mad About Physics, p. 62, 207.
  • "A Change of Tune, The Answer to a Musical Conundrum", The Truth About History, Readers Digest, ISBN 0-7621-0523-2.
  • "Scientific Pitch Notation", Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_pitch_notation

Disclaimer: These demonstrations are provided only for illustrative use by persons affiliated with The University of Iowa and only under the direction of a trained instructor or physicist.  The University of Iowa is not responsible for demonstrations performed by those using their own equipment or who choose to use this reference material for their own purpose.  The demonstrations included here are within the public domain and can be found in materials contained in libraries, bookstores, and through electronic sources.  Performing all or any portion of any of these demonstrations, with or without revisions not depicted here entails inherent risks.  These risks include, without limitation, bodily injury (and possibly death), including risks to health that may be temporary or permanent and that may exacerbate a pre-existing medical condition; and property loss or damage.  Anyone performing any part of these demonstrations, even with revisions, knowingly and voluntarily assumes all risks associated with them.