8D30.60 - Spacecraft

Hawkeye I
Hawkeye I
Injun V
Injun V
Apollo Lunar Module
Apollo Lunar Module
Voyager Probe
Voyager Probe
Code Number:
Demo Title:
Space Exploration
Area of Study:
Models of Spacecraft.
  • Adel Alameh, "Uniform Circular Motion of a Spaceship and Its Relation to Free Fall", TPT, Vol. 57, #7, Oct. 2019, p. 478.
  • Alan Gould, Toshi Komatsu, Edna DeVore, Pamela Harman, and David Koch, "Kepler's Third Law and NASA's Kepler Mission", TPT, Vol. 53, #4, Apr. 2015, p. 201.
  • Michael C. LoPresto, "Adding Albedo and Atmospheres", TPT, Vol. 51, #3, Mar. 2013, p. 152. 
  • Michael C. LoPresto and Nichole Hagoort, "Determining Planetary Temperatures with the Stefan‐Boltzmann Law", TPT, Vol. 49, #2, Feb. 2011, p. 113.
  • Michael C. LoPresto and Steven R. Murrell, "A Comparative Planetology Activity", TPT, Vol. 48, #5, May 2010, p. 296.
  • Michael C. LoPresto, Steven R. Murrell, and Brian Kirchner, "Assessment of a Solar System Walk", TPT, Vol. 48, #4, Apr. 2010, p. 236.
  • Jeffery Mondak and James M. Benson, "New Physics and Astronomy Songs Online", TPT, Vol. 46, #7, Oct. 2008, p. 447.
  • Gordon McIntosh, "Precipitation in the Solar System", TPT, Vol. 45, #8, Nov. 2007, p. 502.
  • Guy Consolmagno, "What Happened to Pluto?", TPT, Vol. 45, #1, Jan. 2007, p. 14.
  • Cliff Swartz, "Pocket Solar System", TPT, Vol. 43, #2, Feb. 2005, p. 120.
  • R. W. Robinett, "Spacecraft Artifacts as Physic Teaching Resource", TPT, Vol. 39, #8, Nov. 2001, p. 476.
  • Gordon McIntosh, "How Big is a Planet?", TPT, Vol. 38, #9, Dec. 2000, p. 534.
  • Jim Shaw, "How 'Full' are the Outer Planets?", TPT, Vol. 37, #9, Dec. 1999, p. 528.
  • Jeffrey M. Wetherhold, "Modeling a Spacecraft's Malfunction", TPT, Vol. 37, #4, Apr. 1999, p. 196.
  • William Luzader, "Astronomy: Pluto", TPT, Vol. 27, #4, Apr. 1989, p. 304.
  • John Torgerson, "Approximating a Spacecraft Orbit", TPT, Vol. 13, #4, Apr. 1975, p. 232.
  • William Graves Hoyt and Kenneth R. Lang, "Planets X and Pluto", AJP, Vol. 48, #7, July 1980, p. 583.
  • Nour E. Raouafi, "Journey to Touch the Sun", Physics Today, Vol. 75, #11, Nov. 2022, p. 28.
  • David Stevenson, "Juno at Jupiter", Physics Today, Vol. 73, #9, Sept. 2020, p. 62.
  • Rakesh Mogul, "Protecting Planets Beyond Earth", Physics Today, Vol. 72, #1, Jan. 2019, p. 66.
  • Joel M. Williams, "Material to Capture Stardust", Physics Today, Vol. 68, #10, Oct. 2015, p. 12.
  • Toni Feder, "Remote Makeovers Maximize Return on Spacecraft Science", Physics Today, Vol. 68, #3, Mar. 2015, p. 19.
  • "Correction", Physics Today, Vol. 67, #11, Nov. 2014, p. 10.
  • Ashley G. Smart, "Captured Cosmic Dust may have Interstellar Origins", Physics Today, Vol. 67, #10, Oct. 2014, p. 12.
  • Bertram M. Schwarzschild, "Exiting the Heilosphere", Physics Today, Vol. 66, #11, Nov. 2013, p. 18.
  • Charles Day, "When Dust Slams into Spacecraft", Physics Today, Vol. 66, #5, May 2013, p. 18.
  • Phillip F. Schewe, "Physics Update: Voyager 2 Reaches the Heliosheath", Physics Today, Vol. 61, #2, Feb. 2008, p. 18.
  • Francine E. Garrett-Bakelman, Manjula Darshi, Stefan J. Green, Ruben C. Gur, Ling Lin, Brandon R. Macias, Miles J. McKenna, Cem Meydan, Tejaswini Mishra, Jad Nasrini, Brian D. Piening, Lindsay F. Rizzardi, Kumar Sharma, Jamila H. Siamwala, Lynn Taylor, Martha Hotz Vitaterna, Maryam Afkarian, Ebrahim Afshinnekoo, Sara Ahadi, Aditya Ambati, Maneesh Arya, Daniela Bezdan, Colin M. Callahan, Songjie Chen, Augustine M. K. Choi, George E. Chlipala, Kévin Contrepois, Marisa Covington, Brian E. Crucian, Immaculata De Vivo, David F. Dinges, Douglas J. Ebert, Jason I. Feinberg, Jorge A. Gandara, Kerry A. George, John Goutsias, George S. Grills, Alan R. Hargens, Martina Heer, Ryan P. Hillary, Andrew N. Hoofnagle, Vivian Y. H. Hook, Garrett Jenkinson, Peng Jiang, Ali Keshavarzian, Steven S. Laurie, Brittany Lee-McMullen, Sarah B. Lumpkins, Matthew MacKay, Mark G. Maienschein-Cline, Ari M. Melnick, Tyler M. Moore, Kiichi Nakahira, Hemal H. Patel, Robert Pietrzyk, Varsha Rao, Rintaro Saito, Denis N. Salins, Jan M. Schilling, Dorothy D. Sears, Caroline K. Sheridan, Michael B. Stenger, Rakel Tryggvadottir, Alexander E. Urban, Tomas Vaisar, Benjamin Van Espen, Jing Zhang, Michael G. Ziegler, Sara R. Zwart, John B. Charles, Craig E. Kundrot, Graham B. I. Scott, Susan M. Bailey, Mathias Basner, Andrew P. Feinberg, Stuart M. C. Lee, Christopher E. Mason, Emmanuel Mignot, Brinda K. Rana, Scott M. Smith, Michael P. Snyder, and Fred W. Turek, "The NASA Twins Study: A Multidimensional Analysis of a Year-Long Human Spaceflight", Science, Vol. 364, #6436, Apr. 2019, p. 144.
  • Markus Löbrich and Penny A. Jeggo, "Hazards of Human Spaceflight", Science, Vol. 364, #6436, Apr. 2019, p. 127.
  • Eric Hand, "Interplanetary Small Satellites Come of Age", Science, Vol. 361, #6404, Aug. 2018, p. 736.
  • Joshua Sokol, "A Place in the Sun", Science, Vol. 361, #6401, Aug. 2018, p. 441.
  • "Notable Developments: Voyager is Really Out There, Somewhere", Science, Vol. 342, #6165, Dec. 2013, p. 1437.
  • Richard Williams, "This Month in Physics History: April 3, 1965: Power in the Sky", APS News, Apr. 2014, Vol. 23, #4, p. 2, 3.
  • Logan Clifford R. McMurray, "William Tell at Three Billion Miles: New Horizons Visits Pluto", Ad Astra, Vol. 27, #4, Winter 2015, p. 13.
  • "Orion Recovery", Ad Astra, Vol. 27, #1, Spring 2015, p. 55.
  • Mark Williamson, "Space in the Great Plains", Ad Astra, Vol. 26, #3, Fall 2014, p. 28.
  • Logan Ward, "A Smarter Spacecraft", Popular Mechanics, Vol.191, #9, Nov. 2014, p. 78.
  • David Noland and Tyghe Trimble, "Space: The First 50 Years", Popular Mechanics, Oct 2009.
  • Ryan Bradley, "Static On The Line", Popular Science, Winter 2019, p. 66.
  • Sarah Scoles, "Four Ways Spacefaring Microbes Could Muck Up The Solar System", Popular Science, Vol. 287, #1, Jan. 2015, p. 34.
  • Katie Peek, "The Whole Brilliant Enterprise: NASA’s First 50 Years In One Interactive Graphic", Popular Science, Vol. 286, #7, July 2014, p. 64.
  • Katie Peek, "Infographic: A Catalog of Interplanetary Firsts", Popular Science, Vol. 286, #2, Feb. 2014, p. 24.
  • Kenneth Pins, "Footsteps on Moon Laid Path for Bold Dreams", Des Moines Sunday Register, July 16, 1989, p. 1, 4A.
  • William J. Perkinson, "A Day-by-Day Timetable of Flight of Apollo 11", Des Moines Sunday Register, July 13, 1969.
  • "Echo Sighting Times Listed", Des Moines Sunday Register, Jan. 22, 1961.
  • "When Echo May Be Seen", Des Moines Sunday Register, 1961.
  • "Atlas Viewing Times Listed", Des Moines Sunday Register, Jan. 4, 1959.
  • "Rocket Zooms Past Moon", Des Moines Register, Jan. 1, 1959.
  • "Space Quest Goes On", Sioux City Journal, Nov. 30, 1974.
  • "Here's the Other Side", Sioux City Journal, Aug. 27, 1959.
  • Harold K. Milks, "Should Enter Sun's Orbit This Week", Sioux City Journal, June 5th, 1959, p. 2.
  • "Russia's Rocket Blazes Lengthening Trail Into Space, Still 'Talking' Back", Sioux City Journal, June 5th, 1959, p. 1, 2.
  • Harold K. Milks, "Soviet Rocket Loses Voice", Sioux City Journal, Jan. 6, 1959, p. 1, 2.
  • Angelo Natale, "Russia Fires at Moon", Sioux City Journal, Jan. 3, 1959, p. 1, 2.
  • Vern Haugland, "2 American Satellites Out of Orbit", Sioux City Journal, Aug. 28, 1958.
  • "Sputnik's Rocket Seen In Heavens From Ida County, Sioux City Journal.
  • Readers Digest, "The Riddles of Saturn", Mar. 1981, p. 195.
  • Bathroom Readers' Institute, "Space Travelers", Uncle John's Bathroom Reader for Kids - Did You Know?, p. 201.
  • Guinness Book of World Records, "Most Distant Solar Powered Spacecraft", 2003, p. 72.
  • Guinness Book of World Records, "Most Distant Image of Earth", 2003, p. 72.
  • Guinness Book of World Records, "Oldest Operating Manned Spacecraft", 2003, p. 72.

Disclaimer: These demonstrations are provided only for illustrative use by persons affiliated with The University of Iowa and only under the direction of a trained instructor or physicist.  The University of Iowa is not responsible for demonstrations performed by those using their own equipment or who choose to use this reference material for their own purpose.  The demonstrations included here are within the public domain and can be found in materials contained in libraries, bookstores, and through electronic sources.  Performing all or any portion of any of these demonstrations, with or without revisions not depicted here entails inherent risks.  These risks include, without limitation, bodily injury (and possibly death), including risks to health that may be temporary or permanent and that may exacerbate a pre-existing medical condition; and property loss or damage.  Anyone performing any part of these demonstrations, even with revisions, knowingly and voluntarily assumes all risks associated with them.