3D30.10 - Resonance Tubes - Water Column

Code Number:
Demo Title:
Resonance Tubes - Water Column
Resonance in Pipes
Area of Study:
Resonance tube, Tuning fork (384 Hz), Microphone, Amplifier, and Speaker (large).

Fill the movable cup with water.  Place the tuning fork at the top end of the Plexiglas pipe.  Strike the tuning fork and change the water level by moving the cup up or down.  At some point you should find a position where the sound from the tuning fork becomes very loud.  This should be 1/2 wave length and can be measured by the meter stick on the edge of the tube.

  • Jim & Jane Nelson, "A New Look at an Old Activity: Resonance Tubes Used to Teach Resonance, TPT, Vol. 55, #9, Dec. 2017, p. 546.
  • Alan Bates, "A New Resonance Tube", TPT, Vol. 55, #9, Dec. 2017, p. 544.
  • Jeffrey D. Goldader, "Determining Absolute Zero Using a Tuning Fork", TPT, Vol. 46, # 4, April 2008, p. 206.
  • Chuck Kappert, "Closed Tube With Varying Length", TPT, Vol. 44, # 9, Dec. 2006, p. 566.
  • Peter Froehle, "Finding the Outdoor Temperature Using a Tuning Fork and Resonance", TPT, Vol. 44, # 6, p. 358, Sept. 2006.
  • Don Easton "Speed of Sound in Air", TPT, Vol. 43, # 9, Dec. 2005, p. 567.
  • Michael C. LoPresto, "Measuring End Correction for a Quarter-Wave Tube", TPT, Vol. 43, # 6, p. 380, Sept. 2005.
  • James A. Warden, "Measuring the Speed of Sound Without Plumbing", TPT, Vol. 43, # 3, May 2005, p. 308.
  • "Simple Sound Demonstrations", TPT, Vol.  36, # 1, p.  16, Jan. 1998.
  • George F. Schuttinger, "A Very Quick and Very Cheap Velocity-of-Sound Lab", TPT, Vol. 34, # 6, Sept. 1996, p. 348.
  • Jeffrey May, "A Standing Sound Wave Demonstration", TPT, Vol. 18, # 2, Feb. 1980, p. 145.
  • Buford Guy, Jim Allen, "Velocity of Sound by Resonances", TPT, Vol. 12, # 3, Feb. 1974, p. 117. 
  • Bruce E. Lee, "A Modified Resonance in Air Experiment", TPT, Vol. 8, # 6, Sept. 1970, p. 336.
  • William A. Bell, William M. Keller, "Constant - Volume Sound Source", TPT, Vol.  7, # 7, Oct. 1969, p. 406.
  • Se-1:  Freier and Anderson,  A Demonstration Handbook for Physics.
  • W- 255:  "Resonance Tube",  DICK and RAE Physics Demo Notebook.
  • George M. Hopkins, "Sound", Experimental Science, p. 143.
  • George M. Hopkins', "An Experiment in Resonance", Experimental Science, Volume Two, p. 206.
  • Robert L. Dough, "Resonance Tube Modifications", Apparatus Notes, July 1965-December 1972, p. 55.
  • Jearl Walker, "3.46, Jar and Beaker Resonance", The Flying Circus of Physics Ed. 2, p. 165.
  • "Another Resonance Tube Demonstration", PIRA News, Vol. 8, No. 2, p. 32.
  • "Organ Pipe", Science Snackbook, p. 72.1 - 72.2, 
  • Ron Hipschman, "Organ Pipe", Exploratorium Cookbook III, p. 187.1 - 187.3.
  • D. Colson, C. J. Lapp, J. A. Eldridge, "Experiment XXXII", 1936 Univ. of Iowa Physics Laboratory Manual, p. 39.
  • "Open and Closed Standing Wave Resonance Chambers", Worksheet and Instructions, Author unknown.  

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