3C55.80 - Vocal Formants
- Lewis P. Fulcher, Ronald C. Scherer, Artem Melnykov, Vesela Gateva, and Mark E. Limes, "Negative Coulomb Damping, Limit Cycles, and Self-Oscillation of the Vocal Folds", AJP, Vol. 74, #5, May 2006, p. 386.
- Thomas D. Rossing, "Formant Filtering of the Vocal Source Function in Singing", AJP, Vol. 50, #6, June 1982, p. 564.
- George w. Barton, Jr., "Reflections on the "Forms of Sounds"', AJP, Vol. 44, #6, June 1976, p. 593.
- Thomas D. Rossing, "A voice display for corridor use", AJP, Vol. 43, #3, March 1975, p. 282.
- Rachel Berkowitz, "A Broad Acoustic Bandwidth Helps Listeners Understand Fragmented Speech", Physics Today, Vol. 73, #2, Feb. 2020, p. 17.
- Emily B. Myers, "From Sound to Meaning", Physics Today, Vol. 70, #4, Apr. 2017, p. 34.
- Steven K. Blau, "Musicality of Speech Changes with Mood", Physics Today, Vol. 63, #1, Jan. 2010, p. 16.
- Bertram Schwarzschild, "Acoustics Experiment Shows Why It’s So Hard to Make Out the Heroine’s Words at the Opera", Physics Today, Vol. 57, #3, Mar. 2004, p. 23.
- Johan Sundberg, "Formant Technique in a Professional Female Singer", Acustia, Vol. 32, #2, Feb. 1975, p. 89.
- Jearl Walker, "3.6. Throat Singing", The Flying Circus of Physics Ed. 2, p. 149.
- Jearl Walker, "3.4. Speaking and Singing", The Flying Circus of Physics Ed. 2, p. 148.
- Jearl Walker, "3.3. Whistles and Whistling", The Flying Circus of Physics Ed. 2, p. 147.
- Sara Stein, "Harrumph!", The Science Book, p. 184.
Disclaimer: These demonstrations are provided only for illustrative use by persons affiliated with The University of Iowa and only under the direction of a trained instructor or physicist. The University of Iowa is not responsible for demonstrations performed by those using their own equipment or who choose to use this reference material for their own purpose. The demonstrations included here are within the public domain and can be found in materials contained in libraries, bookstores, and through electronic sources. Performing all or any portion of any of these demonstrations, with or without revisions not depicted here entails inherent risks. These risks include, without limitation, bodily injury (and possibly death), including risks to health that may be temporary or permanent and that may exacerbate a pre-existing medical condition; and property loss or damage. Anyone performing any part of these demonstrations, even with revisions, knowingly and voluntarily assumes all risks associated with them.