3C55.80 - Vocal Formants

Code Number:
Demo Title:
Vocal Formants
Singing and Vowel Distinction
Area of Study:
  • Lewis P. Fulcher, Ronald C. Scherer, Artem Melnykov, Vesela Gateva, and Mark E. Limes, "Negative Coulomb Damping, Limit Cycles, and Self-Oscillation of the Vocal Folds", AJP, Vol. 74, #5, May 2006, p. 386.
  • Thomas D. Rossing, "Formant Filtering of the Vocal Source Function in Singing", AJP, Vol. 50, #6, June 1982, p. 564.
  • George w. Barton, Jr., "Reflections on the "Forms of Sounds"', AJP, Vol. 44, #6, June 1976, p. 593.
  • Thomas D. Rossing, "A voice display for corridor use", AJP, Vol. 43, #3, March 1975, p. 282.
  • Rachel Berkowitz, "A Broad Acoustic Bandwidth Helps Listeners Understand Fragmented Speech", Physics Today, Vol. 73, #2, Feb. 2020, p. 17.
  • Emily B. Myers, "From Sound to Meaning", Physics Today, Vol. 70, #4, Apr. 2017, p. 34.
  • Steven K. Blau, "Musicality of Speech Changes with Mood", Physics Today, Vol. 63, #1, Jan. 2010, p. 16.
  • Bertram Schwarzschild, "Acoustics Experiment Shows Why It’s So Hard to Make Out the Heroine’s Words at the Opera", Physics Today, Vol. 57, #3, Mar. 2004, p. 23.
  • Johan Sundberg, "Formant Technique in a Professional Female Singer", Acustia, Vol. 32, #2, Feb. 1975, p. 89.
  • Jearl Walker, "3.6. Throat Singing", The Flying Circus of Physics Ed. 2, p. 149.
  • Jearl Walker, "3.4. Speaking and Singing", The Flying Circus of Physics Ed. 2, p. 148.
  • Jearl Walker, "3.3. Whistles and Whistling", The Flying Circus of Physics Ed. 2, p. 147.
  • Sara Stein, "Harrumph!", The Science Book, p. 184.

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